The DeltaphaseŽ Isothermal Pad is a new approach to body temperature stabilization. It acts as a source of heat, but cannot overheat once it has reached it's phase change. Its constant temperature is based on a thermodynamic principle and needs no electricity or wires, no thermostat or feedback controller. It cannot generate electrical signals or cause interference. It cannot trigger an explosion. It can maintain a small animal at near normal and constant temperature for several hours. The DeltaphaseŽ Isothermal Pad is based on the thermodynamic principle that a heat releasing phase change is isothermal, that is: that it occurs at constant temperature. A unique chemical solution is contained within a durable pouch. At room temperature this solution is in solid form. When heated to 39° the solution becomes fluid. In this state, the pad is activated and ready for use.
When an animal (or any cooler object) is placed in contact with the activated pad, heat leaves the solution as it undergoes a phase change back to the solid form. In this phase change, over 30 calories of heat are released per gram of solution, even though the temperature is constant. The pad remains isothermal until all the liquid phase has solidified. Only then does its temperature fall. The transition temperature has been preset to 39° so that a small temperature gradient always exists for heat flow from pad to animal. This heat flow balances heat losses and maintains animal body temperature near 39° for periods up to several hours.
This compact operating board takes advantage of the Deltaphase principle to maintain animal body temperature during surgical or experimental procedures. An eight and one half inch square stainless steel operating surface lies in contact with an activated DeltaphaseŽ isothermal pad. The underside of the pad is insulated to provide a longer isothermal period.
Molded wells are provided for sponges, instruments and anesthetic apparatus. The board is functional, durable, and easy to clean. Its low cost and safety make it appropriate for use in student laboratories. The unit is supplied with two DeltaphaseŽ pads.